Reviewing Target Field and Nationals Park

One of my favorite hobbies is visiting all the major league stadiums and then reviewing the newest ballparks for the Hardball Times. This year I was delighted to get up to date by seeing games at Minnesota’s Target Field (which just opened) and Washington’s Nationals Park (which opened in 2008). The two stadiums are wonderful civic accomplishments, and they’re easily the best ballparks in the histories of the respective cities.

Target Field is an absolute delight that is perhaps the most beautiful baseball stadium to open since 2001, when Pittsburgh’s PNC Park was completed. Target is a moderately sized (42,000) ballpark that manages to achieve a friendly and welcoming feel without having to resort to any gimmicks other than some extremely well-done exhibits and photos. The ballpark has three levels of seating behind home plate, sports a mini-green-monster wall in right field, and has enough kinks in the outfield walls to keep doubles interesting.

The sight lines are very good, the colors are “Wrigley” green and blue, the building has beautiful stone touches, and there’s a nice view of downtown over the right field wall that positively glows when the sun sets. To top things off, the employees are cheerful and the food is very good, though I have to admit that I didn’t try the “Batter Dipped Walleye” or the “Pork Chop on a Stick.”

Target is environmentally friendly in a variety of ways. It’s a LEEDS Silver-certified building, and it houses a metro station, right at the ballpark, for the Hiawatha light rail line that runs directly to the airport and the Mall of America. Just as importantly, the stadium is in downtown Minneapolis, allowing people to walk to games from work or from their hotels, much as you can at Coors Field.

Perhaps the key to the success of Target Field, besides its location, is its welcoming and yet innovative architecture. For example, there are no light standards on top of the stands; instead, the lights are built into the roof, creating a continuous glow from foul pole to foul pole. There’s a stack of glass-enclosed seating and restaurants out by the left-field foul pole that’s a bit like a modern version of the Western Metal Supply Co. at Petco, and there’s a beautiful multi-storied, glass-walled season ticket-holder club that comes to a sharp point out by the right-field foul pole.

This glass point is aimed at perhaps the most unusual bleachers I’ve ever seen. The bleachers are extremely steep, almost surely steeper than the upper decks at US Cellular or the old Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. In addition, the bleachers are uneven in height, with about twice as many rows of seats in center field as there are in right center, giving the entire bleacher section a decided tilt to the right (perhaps to offset the state’s political orientation).

Despite all this praise, Target Field isn’t perfect. The scoreboard is a bit disappointing, in particular because the HD video screen seems small by today’s standards and also because useful information is spread around on different scoreboards rather than being collected in one easy-to-find location. Another problem is that the home bullpen is right behind the visiting bullpen and there’s not much of an elevation difference between the bullpens. As a result, it’s almost impossible to figure out who is warming up for the Twins unless you’re familiar with the throwing motion of the pitcher.

I haven’t seen any statistics yet, but my guess is that the stadium is a bit too pitcher-friendly for balanced play, given that it has a deep left field and that aforementioned high wall in right. Finally, but perhaps most importantly, Target Field is not a domed stadium, and we’re talking about Minnesota here! I certainly wouldn’t want to be in the park for a night game at the end of October, when the average daytime high temperature is 40 degrees!

These are very minor points, however. The rest of Target Field is so superb that I’m confident that Twins fans will love their new stadium for decades to come. Well done!

Nationals Park has already earned a very favorable reputation as a great place to watch a ballgame, and the stadium has an aura of success about it that Nationals fans hope soon will be matched by similar success on the field. To start with, Nationals Park shares a number of Target Field’s strengths. The two stadiums are about the same size, are very near public transportation, and are LEEDS-certified Silver.

However, Nationals Park has a number of superb attributes that set it apart. In particular, the sight lines are simply wonderful throughout the stadium, and the seats are quite close to the field. As nearly as I could tell, there’s not a bad seat in the house! In addition, the scoreboard is the best I’ve ever seen. The HD screen is huge (the second-largest in baseball), and the use of photos, replays, and statistics is exceptional. The Nationals certainly deserve accolades for their superb scoreboard. Also worthy of praise is the center field entryway, which brings fans from the Metro station and parking into the ballpark through a welcoming funnel of restaurants, statues, ticket booths, mascots, and a huge “W” hat.

The stadium itself is a three-tiered park that uses a couple of interesting clumps of seats in the outfield to avoid being symmetrical. The structure is a sight for sore eyes, with a color scheme that includes a lot of “Fenway” green and a bit of beautiful stonework behind home plate. The bullpens are split, one in right and one in left, and run parallel to the outfield wall. Perhaps the most interesting facet of the stadium is a tall “stacked” restaurant in center field that provides an excellent view of the game while also being close to the Metro and parking.

Speaking of restaurants, the food was very good, particularly at two extremely popular chili outlets and at two impressive “private” clubs. One of these clubs sports a fantastic photographic history of U.S. presidents throwing out the first ball and even includes the seat that Jack Kennedy sat in after he did so. I also was impressed with the employees. We arrived at the stadium from the center-field side, but our tickets were at “will call” on the home-plate side. The employee we asked for directions, a gentleman named Mike Miller, actually walked us through the stadium and out the other side to save us time and make sure that we got to the right place!

While Nationals Park has a few weaknesses, many of these are fixable. For example, as good as the scoreboard is, it can’t be seen from some of the seats, but this could be fixed by building a good auxiliary scoreboard. The press box is the highest in the majors, and I’ve heard announcers complaining on air about this height. However, the Nationals mention the height of the press box positively on their website, so they’ve already acted to offset the problem as best they can.

Perhaps the most important “fixable” problem is that the surrounding area (the Navy Yard district) isn’t great, and the outside of the stadium behind home plate has a very bleak feel to it. Both of these problems could be fixed by a joint district/team effort to improve the neighborhood, particularly as the economy picks back up.

And then there’s the missed opportunity. Just behind the left-field foul pole is one of the most powerful sights in our country, the dome of the Capitol Building. The dome is lovely during the day, but at night it’s literally breath-taking. It’s very sad to realize that the creators of Nationals Park had the opportunity to have the Capitol Dome viewable from a majority of the stadium’s seats and didn’t move heaven and earth to get that view.

A Hardball Times Update
Goodbye for now.

What would it have taken? Well, I’m not an architect, but it probably would have involved rotating the stadium counterclockwise perhaps 20 degrees (causing some sun problems), reducing the height of the stands in left field, and buying up some buildings between the stadium and the dome (perhaps to convert to parking lots) to protect the view. I admit that this would have cost millions of dollars and might have caused a few fly balls to get lost in the sun now and then, but the resulting stadium would have been spectacular. Here was a chance to create an iconic stadium view, on par with the one in San Francisco, and the opportunity was lost.

This lost opportunity aside, the rest of the problems I mention are fixable, so with proper management, Nationals Park is going to get better and better as time goes along. Since the stadium already is a pretty terrific place to watch a ballgame, it’s clear that the District and the Nationals have a real winner on their hands that will provide an enjoyable fan experience for decades to come.

How do these two ballparks compare to the 28 others? Both easily are in the top half of MLB stadiums, and Target Field sneaks into my top 10, helped in part by my decision to drop my beloved Dodger Stadium out of the top 10 until the McCourts follow through with their promised improvements. I should point out, however, that a stadium doesn’t need to be in my top ten to be outstanding. With just three exceptions, every MLB ballpark is new or recently renovated and provides an extremely enjoyable fan experience. With Florida due to open a new stadium in 2012, baseball fans soon will have only two stadiums (Tampa Bay and Oakland) to complain about.

That said, my personal top 10 is:

1. San Francisco (AT+T)
2. Seattle (Safeco)
3. Boston (Fenway)
4. Chicago NL (Wrigley)
5. Pittsburgh (PNC)
6. Baltimore (Camden Yards)
7. Colorado (Coors)
8. Cleveland (Progressive)
9. New York AL (Yankee Stadium)
10. Minnesota (Target)

References & Resources
Ballparks of Baseball features lots of great information about major league ballparks, past and present.

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13 years ago

Have you been to US Cellular Field in the last 5 years?  The pitch on the upper deck was decreased years ago.  Maybe it’s still steeper than most, I don’t know.  But to trot out the, by now cliched, fact that the upper deck in Chicago’s AL ballpark is steep without commenting on the changes made is odd for a guy who opens the story by talking about how much he loves visitng stadiums.

13 years ago

The Nationals’ scoreboard is 101’ by 47’

and the Twins’ scoreboard is 101’ by 57’

The Twins claim to have the fourth-largest scoreboard in MLB, and it’s still bigger than the Nationals’.

JB (the original)
13 years ago

You do know that both the Twins and Nat’s stadiums were designed by the same company (HOK) and that at their “core” the stadiums are very much alike in their design.

Also, the video screen is the 4th largest in all of MLB—yet you’re disappointed? I agree that they don’t use it to it’s best advantage display-wise.

Lastly, the sightlines IMO, for a brand new stadium, suck.  Yes, everyone is very close and “on top” of the field, but if you went around the place and sat in different areas, you would find that in other the very top deck seats behind home plate, you cannot see the entire field of play.  Unconscionable for a brand new place.  If they gave up 200 or so seats, you could actually see the plays that go into the corners from most of the park.

Woody S
13 years ago

Thanks for the suggestion!  With no new ballparks opening next year, it’ll be a great time for me to double back to stadiums (like US Cellular, Kauffman, and Progressive) that I haven’t seen in quite awhile.

13 years ago


Actually, the pitch of the U.S. Cellular Field upper deck is the same as it ever was. They removed the last several rows of the upper deck and added a new, overhanging roof. Much more aesthetically pleasing but the seats that remained are as high and steep as ever.

13 years ago

With the recent collapse of the Nats, attendance is also in free-fall.  Even a Stephen Strasburg pitched game drew only 25,000 Tuesday instead of his former full-houses.  The Nats fielding is the worst in baseball and shortstop Ian Desmond should acquire the nickname “Boots.”  The starting pitching, other than Strasburg and ancient Livian Hernandez, is a collection of has-beens(Jason Marquis, Scott Olson) or AAA-types(John Lannan, Craig Stammen, Ross Detwiller and worse).  Adam Dunn is going free-agent and Josh Willingham and Ryan Zimmerman will follow when their time comes.  The Nats skipper Jim Riggleman couldn’t manage his way out of a outhouse.  It could be that in five years the Nats will be buried in last place with a team that struggles to fill their stadium half-filled.  The wrecking ball will likely smash Nats Park within twenty years so see it now.

13 years ago


Waddaya know.  I apologize for my previous remarks.  I had heard they were decreasing the pitch and the aesthetic improvements make it look that way but I can’t find any evidence I am right and I never could see how they were going to re-slope all that concrete without tearing it off and rebuilding it.  It certainly looks nicer now than when it was built.

I should have stuck with what I was originally going to say – that the pitch is similar to many other ballparks but I didn’t because I couldn’t find any hard evidence to back it up.  So instead I made a baseless, somewhat vitriolic attack on the author.  Sorry about that.

Woody S
13 years ago


I’m not sure that you needed to apologize, but the fact that you did so anyway says volumes about the high quality guy you clearly are.

Bobby Mueller
13 years ago

I haven’t been to nearly as many parks as you have, but I have been to a few of your top parks:  Safeco (many times), Wrigley (just once), and PNC (a few games) and I have PNC at the top of my list.  The view of Pittsburgh is just terrific. 

Safeco is nice enough but, as a person who uses a wheelchair, their accessible seating is terrible.  At PNC, I could sit in the front row on field level, past 1st or 3rd base.  At Safeco, the 100 level accessible seating is about 40 rows back, under the 2nd deck over hang, with a concourse of people behind me, all for the low, low price of $44 on the day of the game (compared to $26 for PNC).  I was very disappointed that the team spent nearly a half-a-billion dollars on a new stadium but couldn’t include good accessible seating.

Woody S
13 years ago


Good point.  I didn’t take wheelchair accessibility into consideration in my rankings.

As to PNC vs. SafeCo, you’re not the only person who feels that way.  A recent Forbes magazine ranking had the same top six as mine except that they had PNC 3rd and SafeCo 6th:

13 years ago

Dodgers Stadium also needs to fix their accessibility issues, whch is too bad. I really dislike everything to come from the McCourts in a community/stadium development sense. I like the Nats Park a lot. I like that the best view of the Capitol Dome is in the cheapest seats in the stadium. I actually like Camden Yards better than SF’s stadium but I’m also an unrepentant O’s homer.

13 years ago

Have you been to America’s Finest City? Well I see the Western Metal Building (historical building) referenced but not the park? Well along with the title of America’s Finest City we also have America’s Finest Weather. So do yourself a favor and take the trip you wont regret it and if you have been here and it’s not in the top 10? well….. not sure if agree with your tastes.

Jeff A.
13 years ago

Woody, thanks so much for this! I plan to see Nationals Park for the first time next month, so this gives me quite a bit to look forward to. I’ll also be seeing the two latest New York parks for the first time on this same visit to the east coast. Seeing these 3 will bring my total visited to 42 over the years! Amazing how many of us who’ve seen it rate PNC as their favorite.

Only one I’ll then still need to see will be Target Field, so thanks for that advanced review too. I feel I shoudln’t see a ballpark in its first year, until the surrounding area has had time to develop because I was really disappointed with St. Louis when I saw the new Busch in 2006, and it probably had a bit to do with everything still under construction around it.

As for San Diego’s Petco, I’ve lived here in San Diego for 31 years, and I’d never even HEARD of the Western Metal Supply building until they decided to incorporate it into the ballpark’s design, and began hyping it up as “just like Baltimore.” I don’t think it had even been used by WMS for decades prior. Petco has a few things to recommend it, but also several other faults that keep it out of my top 10.

Woody S
13 years ago
13 years ago

3 to complain about, you forgot the Sky Dome.

13 years ago

The average high for October 30 in the Twin Cities hovers around 50°, which isn’t a whole lot different from other northern ballparks.

If you can’t put up with that type of weather for a baseball game, stick to watching short-season minor league games.

Tucker 62
13 years ago

You review of Target field was nice, but I feel I have to nit pick on a couple of things. First off the scoreboard is the fourth largest in the bigs. The second thing is about the weather. I live in the Twin Cities and there is no way the high temperature in october is 40 degrees. We usually expect snow by Thanksgiving but snow in October is rare. Weather will not be a problem for Minnesota fans but it seems that the rest of the country thinks we live in igloos and feast on baby seals but that’s not the case. If anything the weather will provide a psycological advantage for the Twins because people will bitch about the cold even tho its really no different than Chicago or Detroit.

JB (the original)
13 years ago

I agree about the weather here (Minnesosta) as well.  Even if it’s cool, it’s a “dry” cool and easy to dress for and stay comfortable in.  I hate the windy, “damp” cool like you get in Chicago off the lake, or in Boston where it’s just biting.

Woody S
13 years ago

As Ehren pointed out, the average high temp in Minneapolis on October 31st is 50 degrees, not 40 degrees as I originally stated, and I apologize for that error.  The average low is 32, though, so I still think that people are going to be cold the next time that the Twins make the World Series, especially since WS games usually start at night. 

As to the scoreboard, I stand by my opinion that the HD video screen seems small by today’s standards.  The scoreboard itself is large, but it’s split into a number of smaller screens, and the HD images just don’t compare to the ones at Yankee Stadium or Nationals Park.